Appealing a claim to the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals (ASBCA) means that you first should have a Contracting Officer’s final decision as required under the Contract Disputes Act.
Under ASBCA rules, you also want to ensure that you have not waived your right to appeal by agreeing to a dispute resolution provision within your contract.
- Ensure that your initial claim has sufficient documentation to show entitlement
- Ensure that you have received a contracting officer final decision
- Have a contract claims lawyer ensure that you have not waived your appeal rights
Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals Jurisdiction
The Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals makes appeal decisions on appeals by government contractors from the final decision of the contracting officer or their authorized representatives or other authorities on disputed questions.
Prior to the Contract Disputes Act, the law was well settled that the jurisdiction of a board of contract appeals, as the representative of the procuring federal agency to decide disputes under the Disputes clause of a government contract, was limited to those dispute appeals that could be resolved under a contract clause providing the remedy sought by the contractor.
Although government lawyers may sometimes disagree, the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals, as representative of the Secretary of Defense under the Disputes clause, exercises jurisdiction over contractor appeals on claims seeking equitable adjustments under contract clauses that specifically provided for such equitable adjustments, but it also hears appeals on contractor claims where the availability of the relief requested by the contractor was necessarily implied by the contract. See also information about Service Contract Act & fringe benefits.
The Federal Circuit Court of Appeals held that by agreeing to the dispute resolution provision, the contractor had waived its right to appeal the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals. Always have a government contracts attorney to review all aspects of your contract before engaging in the ASBCA appeals process.
Important Considerations When Filing and Appeal to the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals: Under the Contract Disputes Act (CDA), 41 USC 7101-7109, a government claim must be “against a contractor relating to a contract.” 41 USC 7103(a)(3); see also Admiralty Constr., Inc. v. Dalton, 156 F.3d 1217, 1220 (Fed. Cir. 1998).
You want to ensure that your contract claim meets the CDA requirement. If you file an appeal with the ASBCA, and this requirement is not meet, then your case will be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. This is what having an experienced Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals Lawyer is critical.
Do you have to mention a specific contract number? Nothing in the CDA requires the claim to identify any contract by number, only that the claim relates to a contract. However, the Board’s decisions always suggest that when you submit a government contract claim, you should make all efforts to address the specific number of the contract.
- This avoids confusion with the Court rules.
- You can waste thousands of dollars litigating this issue.
Have You Been Terminated for Convenience and Want to Appeal a Claim to ASBCA? A termination for convenience under FAR 52.249-2 converts the terminated portion of a fixed-price contract into a cost-reimbursement contract and provides for reimbursement of allowable costs incurred in the performance of the terminated portion of the contract subject to limitations such as FAR 49.203 (adjustment for loss). See New York Shipbuilding Co., A Division of Merritt-Chapman & Scott Corp., ASBCA No. 15443, 73-1 BCA Tf 9852 at 46,019 (predecessor standard clause); Caskel Forge, Inc., ASBCA decision No. 7638, 1962 BCA 3318 at 17,108.
Since the costs of producing defective work are normally reimbursable under a cost reimbursement contract, a contractor that has been terminated for convenience is entitled to be reimbursed the costs of defective work incurred in performing the terminated portion of the work unless the government establishes that the expense resulted from the contractor’s gross disregard of its contractual duties.
For help with appealing a claims case, Call one of our Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals lawyers for immediate help. Free Initial Consultation – 1-866-601-5518.