Given the new SBA subcontractor rules, subcontractors should pay special attention to whether or not they still can be ostensibly affiliated. Although the new affiliation rules relax the possibility of becoming affiliated, Ostensible Subcontractor Rule is still alive and well. the
The new rules are not intended for the prime contractor to now become unusually reliant on the subcontractor. Instead, the new rules allow the prime to subcontractor out work to small businesses that are similarly situated.
How subcontractors become ostensibly affiliated
Incumbent contractors: As newly organized businesses, prime contractors should be cautious when hiring incumbent employees. When all of the employees involved in performing the contract will be current or former employees of the incumbent, then the prime can still be ostensibly affiliated when it is bringing on a substantial amount of employees from the incumbent contractor.
This was the case in Size Appeal of Modus Operandi, Inc., SBA No. SIZ-5716 (2016). Prime contractors should focus on bringing in their own employees to some level and usually rely on the subcontractor’s personnel.
- The test is not that the prime is employing the employees. Instead, it is whether the employees ultimately come from the subcontractor.
- When using a teaming agreement, minimize hiring management type employees from the incumbent subcontractor (en masse).
The SBA will more than likely decide that by hiring your management team from a large incumbent contractor, then you will be unduly reliant on subcontractor for the performance of the procurement and that you would be bringing nothing more than your small business status to the table.
Meeting limitation on subcontracting requirements: Under the new SBA affiliation rules, small business prime contractors will receive credit for subbing out work to other small businesses. However, you still have to comply with the limitation on subcontracting regulations and must still meet the similarly situated requirement.
Violation of the Ostensible Subcontractor Rules: In addition, the SBA’s legal analysis in a size protest is still whether or not you are unduly relying on your subcontractor to perform the work.
- If the subcontractor / incumbent contractor is ineligible to bid on the project, the SBA will look further.
- If as the prime contractor you plan on hiring a large majority of your workforce from the subcontractor, then you will be ostensibly prohibited from keeping the award.
- You can become ostensibly in violation of affiliation rules if the prime contractor’s proposed management previously served with the subcontractor on the incumbent contract.
- If as the prime contractor, you lack relevant experience and was obliged to rely upon your more experienced subcontractor to win the contract, then the SBA could also find that you are ostensibly affiliated.
SBA OHA has previously ruled that “when a prime contractor proposes the incumbent contractor as its subcontractor, relies heavily upon its subcontractor for both managerial and non-managerial personnel, and has little or no corporate experience, the prime contractor is [ ] at risk of violating the ostensible subcontractor rule.” Wichita Tribal Enterprises, SBA No. SIZ-5390 at 11 (citing DoverStaffing and SM Resources).
SBA Subcontractor Rules for Similarly Situated Businesses
Under the new SBA rules, a prime contractor that is a small business does not have to include the amounts subcontracted to a “similarly situated” subcontractor.
Similarly, situated subcontractors included other small businesses that can be the same size or socioeconomic category for purposes of set-aside contracts. In other words, if the procurement is an 8(a) set-aside, then the similarly situated subcontractor would also be an 8(a) certified company.
The prime’s subcontracted work to a similarly situated business would legally count as work done by the prime contractor under the limitation on subcontracting rules. The exception for similarly situated subcontractors applies to all four types of contracts described in FAR 52.219-14 (services, supplies, construction and specialty trade).
The exception will also apply to any analysis under the ostensible subcontractor affiliation rule so long as there is no undue reliance.
Serious Concerns for Primes Subcontracting to Small Businesses: As a prime contractor that will identify a new small business, you must notify those subcontractors in writing before submitting a government bid.
This rule focuses on prime contractors who don’t intend to use a subcontractor but only does so to get the contract. As you can see, the affiliation and ostensible subcontractor rule is only one aspect of the SBA’s focus. Government contractors in general, have to seriously look at their subcontracting relationships and must avoid the possibility of a false statement even at the bidding stage.
- Not only is your competition open to submitting a size protest based upon affiliation but it may also allege that you had no intention of using the proposed subcontractor, to begin with.
Bad faith and breach of contract: Even if after the contract is issued and subcontractor agreements are not upheld, you could be found as acting in bad faith and be stuck with a material breach of contract claim from the government contracting agency. This could even lead to liquidated damages.
For help to become compliant with new SBA subcontractor rules and to avoid becoming ostensibly affiliated, call our government contract law attorneys at 1-866-601-5518. FREE INITIAL CONSULTATION.