Government Past Performance evaluation and Past Performance Information Retrieval System  PPIRS reports often decide who will win and who will lose a contract. When submitting a government contract proposal, a common PPIRS Past Performance Information Retrieval System & Proposals mistake made by companies is not including sufficient information.

Since the Past Performance Information Retrieval System collects contractor performance evaluation data after the CPARS ratings have been finalized, it is often difficult to reverse any negative  scores.  

Having substandard past performance scores will gravely impact your ability to secure future government contracts.

The best way that companies can address adverse decisions is to promptly address the evaluation scores in the response to the CPARS evaluation. You have to submit a Contract Disputes Act claim to overturn negative past performance information.

Without demonstrating strong past performance, there is a very low likelihood of winning the contract.

The Federal Acquisition Regulation permits agencies to take into account information in the Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS), including a parent, affiliated, and predecessor companies, key personnel, and major subcontractors when the information relates to an acquisition.

Unless expressly prohibited, a proposed subcontractor’s past performance evaluation may be considered in evaluating an offeror’s past performance. Consult the System for Award Management (SAM).

Common Mistakes With PPIRS and Past Performance Reports

A common mistake seen in recent cases is not including the government past performance information that is specifically requested and permitted for in the Request for Proposal (“RFP”).

  • If the information is not included in the proposal, the agency evaluating it has no obligation to seek out other information about PPIRS.

For example, in Bowhead Science & Technology, LLC, Bowhead was not awarded the contract and appealed on the ground that the agency did not account for the PPIRS past performance of all of Bowhead’s corporate affiliates. On appeal, the Governmental Account Office (“GAO”) held that the agency had no obligation to import favorable past performance information that was not already provided in the proposal.

  • Even if the Past Performance Information Retrieval System information is known to the agency and not found in the plan, the agency is not required to include this in their evaluation.
  • An offeror must exercise its judgment on what information should be included for agency review.

Furthermore, as seen in Erickson Helicopters, Inc., if new information or PPIRS reports become available that could add to the government past performance evaluation, it is up to the offeror company to offer this updated information to the agency. See more information about past performance information.

Agency Not Required to Investigate Your PPIRS Information

The source selection team is not required to seek updated information in FAPIIS and PPIRS  after government’s past performance evaluation is complete; however, a company can include historical data about contractor past performance information  or past performance history in its final proposal asking the agency to consider the updated Past Performance Information Retrieval System information when it becomes available.

The government should give the new past performance information consideration. This is especially true if the company would be prejudiced if it was not considered (Erickson). See information about neutral past performance ratings.


The difference between PPIRS vs CPARS is a matter of procedure and where your past performance information is in the process. CPARs starts the reporting process that allows the contractor to rebut or comment on the government CPARS ratings. After the process is complete, the final record then flows to PPIRS.

  • When your past performance record reaches PPIRS, it becomes more difficult to reverse. This is why it’s is important to understand and take advantage of your rights during the CPARS evaluation process.
  • Note that past performance and integrity information could also weigh in suspension and debarment cases
  • CPARS is usually the common issue when bidding on government contracts

General FAR Policy

a) Past performance information (including the ratings and supporting narratives) is relevant information, for future source selection purposes, regarding a contractor’s actions under previously awarded contracts or orders. It includes, for example, the contractor’s record of—

(1) Conforming to contract requirements and to standards of good workmanship;

(2) Forecasting and controlling costs;

(3) Adherence to schedules, including the administrative aspects of performance;

(4) Reasonable and cooperative behavior and commitment to customer satisfaction;

(5) Reporting into databases (see subpart 4.14 and reporting requirements in the solicitation provisions and clauses referenced in 9.104-7);

(6) Integrity and business ethics; and

(7) Business-like concern for the interest of the customer.

(b) Agencies shall monitor their compliance with the past performance evaluation requirements (see 42.1502), and use the Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS) and Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS) metric tools to measure the quality and timely reporting of past performance information.

According to the Federal Acquisition Regulations FAR 42.1502,

Past performance evaluations shall be prepared at least annually and at the time the work under a contract or order is completed. Evaluations are required for contracts and orders as specified in paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section,  including contracts and orders performed outside the United States. These evaluations are generally for the entity, division, or unit that performed the contract or order. Past performance information shall be entered into CPARS, the Governmentwide evaluation reporting tool for all past performance reports on contracts and orders. Instructions for submitting evaluations into CPARS are available at .

Learn About More Critical Contract Claims and CDA Topics

See CPARS Ratings, Fapiis Past Performance Report and Contractor Integrity Data – What Every Federal Government Contractor Needs to Know

If you are unsure about how the government’s past performance evaluation and PPIRS report impacts your proposal, please call Watson & Associates, LLC for a free consultation: 1-866-601-5518.

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