Understanding the Trade Agreements Act TAA Compliance for Government Contractors and Avoid Civil and Criminal Liability

Theodore P Watson, Esq.trade agreements act How to respond to civil investigative demands from government investigation defense lawyer In government contracting, adherence to regulations and compliance requirements is paramount. The Trade Agreements Act (TAA) is a crucial aspect that contractors must understand and comply with in order to participate in government procurement opportunities.

Here, we provide some basic details of Trade Agreement Act compliance, its significance for government contractors, the countries that are TAA-compliant, the penalties for non-compliance, and how contractors can ensure their products meet TAA requirements.


Government Contractor Nabbed By False Claims Act Allegations Based on Violations of the Trade Agreements Act

June 2023 headlines: ALEXANDRIA, Va. – OMNI Business Systems, Inc., headquartered in Alexandria, has consented to a settlement of $80,944.00 in the wake of a civil fraud case. This case suggests that OMNI may have contravened both the Trade Agreements Act and the False Claims Act by potentially providing misleading information regarding the country of origin for specific items on federal supply schedules.

The legal dispute emerged following a lawsuit initiated by a competing firm of OMNI, leveraging the whistleblower provision of the False Claims Act: United States ex rel. Vogel v. OMNI Business Systems, Inc., et al. Central to the matter were assertions pointing towards OMNI’s potential misrepresentation about the origin country of several HP, Inc. manufactured toner products. These items were allegedly marketed as Trade Agreements Act compliant via platforms including the General Services Administration (GSA) Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) contract and an Air Force Blanket Purchase Agreement. Even after receiving directives to remove the non-TAA compliant products, the settlement addresses claims that these products were still available for purchase, with transactions reportedly taking place through both the GSA and the Air Force.

This case underscores the critical importance for government contractors to have Trade Agreement Act compliance attorneys on their side. Navigating the intricacies of compliance can be challenging, and the right legal expertise can be invaluable in safeguarding a company’s reputation and financial standing.

TAA Compliant Meaning – What is TAA?

What does TAA mean? The Trade Agreements Act (TAA) is a federal legislation that sets forth certain requirements for products and services procured by the U.S. government. Enacted in 1979, the TAA aims to foster fair trade practices and promote economic growth by imposing restrictions on the acquisition of goods from non-designated countries.

What is TAA Compliance for Government Contractors?

TAA compliance for government contractors means that the products they supply to federal agencies must originate from designated countries. To be TAA-compliant, a product must either be entirely manufactured or “substantially transformed” in the United States or come from a designated country that has a qualifying trade agreement with the U.S.

Which countries are TAA Compliant Under the Trade Agreements Act?

TAA compliant meaning: The TAA designates certain countries that are eligible for procurement under federal contracts. These countries include:

a) World Trade Organization (WTO) member countries: The TAA grants eligibility to products from all WTO member countries, such as Canada, Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom.

b) Free Trade Agreement (FTA) partner countries: The TAA extends eligibility to products from FTA partner countries, including Mexico, Australia, South Korea, and Singapore.

Which Countries are not TAA-compliant?

While the TAA includes numerous countries as TAA-compliant, there are still countries that are not part of the designated list. For example:

a) Non-WTO member countries: Goods manufactured in countries that are not members of the WTO, such as Belarus and Iran, are not considered TAA-compliant.

b) Non-FTA partner countries: Products originating from countries that do not have a free trade agreement with the U.S., such as China and Russia, are not eligible for Trade Agreements Act compliance.

What are the Consequences or Penalties for Non-Compliance?

Non-compliance with TAA regulations can have serious consequences for government contractors. The penalties for non-compliance may include:

a) Contract termination: If a contractor is found to have provided non-compliant products, the government agency may terminate the contract, resulting in financial losses and damage to the contractor’s reputation.

b) Fines and legal action: Contractors who violate TAA regulations may face fines and legal action, including potential liability for False Claims Act violations.

c) Debarment: Non-compliant contractors may be debarred from future government contracting opportunities, limiting their ability to secure lucrative contracts.


 How do Government Contractors become TAA-compliant?

TAA compliant meaning: To ensure Trade Agreements Act compliance, government contractors can take the following steps:

a) Understand TAA requirements: Contractors must familiarize themselves with the TAA regulations, including the list of designated countries and the rules for substantial transformation.

b) Verify product origin: Contractors should thoroughly investigate the origin of their products, ensuring they meet TAA requirements either through U.S. manufacturing or from TAA-compliant countries.

c) Maintain documentation: Contractors must maintain accurate and detailed records of the product’s origin and manufacturing processes to demonstrate compliance if required.

d) Seek legal guidance: Engaging a TAA compliance attorney can provide valuable guidance and support in navigating the complexities of TAA regulations.

See information about TAA compliance for medical products.

How do You Know if Your Product is TAA-compliant Under FAR Requirements?

Contractors can determine if their product is TAA-compliant by evaluating its origin and assessing whether it meets the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements. FAR provides guidelines for Trade Agreements Act compliance, including substantial transformation rules and the designated country list. To determine if your product is TAA-compliant under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requirements, you need to assess its origin and ensure it meets the necessary criteria. Here are some key steps to help you ascertain Trade Agreement Act TAA compliance for your product:

TAA Compliant Meaning

Understand the TAA Requirements. Familiarize yourself with the TAA regulations, including the designated country list and the rules for substantial transformation. This will provide a foundation for evaluating your product’s compliance.

Identify the Origin of Your Product: Determine where your product was manufactured or substantially transformed. The TAA requires that the product originates from the United States or a designated TAA-compliant country.

Assess Substantial Transformation: Evaluate whether your product has undergone a substantial transformation as defined by the TAA. This refers to a manufacturing process that results in a new and different article with a new name, character, or use. If your product has undergone substantial transformation in the U.S. or a TAA-compliant country, it meets this requirement. This is a complicated test and may need professional guidance from legal government contracting professionals.

Consult the Designated Country List: Refer to the list of countries designated as TAA-compliant. Ensure that your product’s origin aligns with the countries specified in the list. Products originating from non-designated countries are not TAA-compliant.

Seek Manufacturer Certifications: If you source your product from a supplier or manufacturer, request a certification or documentation that confirms the product’s compliance with TAA requirements. This can provide additional assurance and evidence of TAA compliance. If the government needs immediate certification, you should seek legal counsel before falsely or mistakenly certifying.

Maintain Detailed Records: Keep accurate and comprehensive records of your product’s origin and manufacturing processes. This includes documentation such as invoices, manufacturing records, and certificates of origin. These records will serve as crucial evidence in demonstrating TAA compliance if required. TAA compliance lawyers will need to see these documents when assessing if your products are TAA compliant.

TAA compliant meaning -Seek Legal Guidance if Necessary: If you are unsure about your product’s TAA compliance or need assistance in navigating the complexities of the regulations, consult a Trade Agreements Act compliance attorney. They can provide valuable guidance and help ensure your product meets the FAR requirements.

By following these steps, you can assess whether your product is TAA-compliant under FAR requirements. Adhering to these guidelines will not only enhance your eligibility for government contracts but also demonstrate your commitment to fair trade practices and support the objectives of the TAA.

Do Your Medical Products Need to be Trade Agreement Act TAA Compliant?

Medical equipment and products play a crucial role in providing quality healthcare services, and government procurement of these items is a significant aspect of ensuring public welfare. When it comes to government contracting, understanding whether your medical products need to be Trade Agreement Act (TAA) compliant is of utmost importance.

In the realm of government contracting, TAA compliance requirements extend to medical equipment and products. Whether it’s surgical instruments, diagnostic devices, or medical supplies, if your products are procured by federal agencies, they must adhere to TAA regulations. See how to avoid criminal liability.

The TAA mandates that medical products sourced by the U.S. government should either be manufactured in the United States or originate from designated TAA-compliant countries. Therefore, as a medical product supplier, it is crucial to ensure that your offerings meet these requirements to be eligible for government procurement contracts.

Maintaining TAA compliance for medical products demonstrates your commitment to fair trade practices and supports domestic industries. It also promotes economic growth while ensuring that high-quality medical equipment and products are available for healthcare providers serving the public.

By understanding and adhering to Trade Agreements Act compliance regulations, medical product suppliers can position themselves as reliable and preferred partners for government agencies, opening doors to lucrative contracting opportunities. Compliance also helps to mitigate the risk of contract termination, legal consequences, and reputational damage that may arise from non-compliance with TAA regulations.

If you are a supplier of medical equipment and products seeking to participate in government procurement, TAA compliance is crucial. Ensure that your offerings meet the requirements outlined by the TAA to enhance your chances of securing government contracts and contribute to the provision of quality healthcare services.

Does Software Need to Meet TAA Compliance Regulations?

In today’s digital age, software plays a vital role in various industries, including government procurement. If you are a software provider or developer looking to engage in government contracting, understanding whether your software needs to be Trade Agreements Act (TAA) compliant is essential. See information about exceptions to TAA requirements.

Software is indeed subject to TAA compliance regulations. When software is included as part of a government procurement contract, it must meet the requirements outlined by the TAA. To be TAA compliant, software should either be substantially transformed in the United States or originate from a designated Trade Agreement Act compliant country.

As a software provider, ensuring TAA compliance for your products is crucial for accessing government procurement opportunities. It demonstrates your commitment to fair trade practices and supports the domestic software industry. Adhering to TAA regulations also promotes economic growth while ensuring that the software procured by government agencies meets certain quality standards.

By making sure your software is Trade Agreement Act compliant, you enhance your eligibility for government contracts and position yourself as a reliable partner for government agencies. It helps you maintain compliance with regulations and mitigates the risks of contract termination, legal consequences, and reputational damage associated with non-compliance.

If you are a software provider or developer involved in government contracting, TAA compliance is a necessity. Ensure that your software meets the requirements outlined by the TAA to enhance your chances of securing government contracts and contribute to the advancement of fair trade practices within the software industry.

Why are FAR and GSA TAA Compliance Necessary?

Compliance with FAR and the General Services Administration (GSA) TAA compliant product requirements is necessary for government contractors to participate in federal procurement. Non-compliance can result in contract termination, legal consequences, and reputational damage. Adhering to these regulations ensures fair trade practices, supports domestic industries, and promotes economic growth.

What is Substantial Transformation Under the Trade Agreements Act?

Substantial transformation refers to a concept under the TAA that determines whether a product has undergone enough change in its manufacturing process to be considered originating from the United States or a designated TAA-compliant country. The TAA and FAR provide specific criteria to assess substantial transformation.

DOJ and OIG Can Investigate and or Charge You Under the False Claims Act

The Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) have the authority to pursue contractors and manufacturers under the False Claims Act (FCA) for non-compliance with the Trade Agreements Act compliance (TAA) laws. The TAA Compliant regulation is a federal law that imposes certain requirements on government contractors and manufacturers to ensure that their products are manufactured or substantially transformed in the United States or in designated countries with which the U.S. has a trade agreement.

Under the FCA, any person or entity that knowingly presents, or causes to be presented, a false or fraudulent claim for payment to the government can be held liable for substantial penalties and damages. This includes contractors and manufacturers who submit claims for payment while failing to comply with TAA requirements.

The DOJ and OIG play crucial roles in enforcing TAA compliance by investigating allegations of false claims and pursuing legal action against violators. They have the authority to conduct audits, inspections, and investigations to identify instances of non-compliance. If they find evidence of false claims or non-compliance with TAA laws, they can initiate civil actions to recover damages on behalf of the government. Get help with responding to TAA Civil Investigative Demands.

The penalties for non-compliance with TAA laws under the FCA can be severe. Violators may be subject to substantial fines, triple damages, and exclusion from future government contracts. Additionally, individuals involved in the submission of false claims may face criminal prosecution.

The enforcement actions taken by the DOJ and OIG serve to protect the integrity of government procurement processes, ensure fair competition, and promote compliance with trade agreements. By holding contractors and manufacturers accountable for their non-compliance with TAA laws, these agencies contribute to maintaining the transparency and effectiveness of government programs and expenditures.

How Does a Government Contract TAA Compliance Attorney Help?

A FAR. government contract TAA compliance attorney specializes in assisting contractors in understanding and navigating Trade Agreement Act compliance regulations. These attorneys provide valuable guidance in ensuring compliance, assessing product origin, maintaining documentation, and resolving any compliance issues that may arise. Their expertise helps contractors avoid penalties and secure successful government contracts.


Compliance with the Trade Agreements Act compliance requirements is vital for government contractors seeking to participate in federal procurement. Understanding TAA requirements, ensuring product compliance, and seeking legal guidance when needed are essential steps to navigate the complexities of TAA regulations successfully. By upholding TAA compliance, contractors can enhance their competitiveness, safeguard their reputation, and contribute to fair trade practices within the government contracting landscape.


For immediate. help with assessing your products are TAA compliant, call our government contract TAA compliance attorneys at 1.866.601.5518. Speak to Theodore P. Watson.