Termination for default cases on appeal often fail.  The general reason for such a failure rate is because your FAR Cure Notice Letter Response & Show Cause Letter Tipsresponse to a show cause letter, FAR cure notice, or some version of a letter of concern in government contracting situations for non-performance is inadequate.

Theodore P. Watson, Government Contracts Attorney

  • Many termination for default appeal cases fail because the contractor submitted an inadequate response to the government’s notice to cure letter or show cause.
  • You should develop a road map about how you will solve the problem regardless of who is at fault.
  • Failure to address every issue that the contracting officer addresses can lead to devastating results.

You want to increase your chances of gaining the government’s trust while at the same time avoiding a termination for default. Learning how to respond to government’s notice to cure letters can help.

The reality is that when you receive a cure notice,  letter of concern or show cause letter, the government has already  put the wheels in motion for termination for default. Therefore, companies should take the response very seriously and not just role the dice.

  • The government tends to win many termination for default cases on appeal because of insufficient responses to notice of cure or show cause notice to contractor for non performance.

Your goal is to respond carefully and to avoid some of the common and costly landmines that most federal contractors make. Although asserting your concerns or rights are important when you respond to the notice to cure letter, the best approach is to properly and legally protect your interests by developing the sound record at the contracting officer level. You can accomplish by writing a detailed response that has all of the ingredients that can potentially preserve any rights you may have for an appeal. As stated earlier, one of the many reasons why contractors fail to overcome a termination for default that immediately follows your cure notice response, is that response was insufficient to overcome the contracting officer’s concern. 

The following are but a few suggested points to include in your efforts to prepare and file a cure notice response to the contracting officer.

  • You want to articulate detail for detail and explain your case and why the government should not issue a termination for default.
  • Many companies make the mistake of responding to the contracting officer’s notice to cure by only asserting blame on the government. This approach almost always fails and ends up in a sure termination for default.
  • The better approach is to gain the respect of the agency by articulating why there was an error in the Agency’s judgment while developing a concise plan of action to resolve the problem.
    • The plan should show the contracting officer that you can complete the work according to the contract terms and conditions.
    • Always avoid requesting material changes to the terms and conditions of the contract when outlining your plan of action.

Federal Acquisition Regulations FAR Part 49.402-3 clearly states that: 

When a default termination is in consideration, the Government shall decide on the appropriate termination action (i.e., default, convenience, or no-cost cancellation) only after review by contracting and technical personnel, and by counsel, to ensure the propriety of the proposed action. The administrative contracting officer shall not issue a show cause notice to contractor for non performance or FAR notice to cure letter without the prior approval of the contracting office, which should be obtained by the most expeditious means.

What is a Cure Letter Under FAR Part 49?

The Contracting Office typically sends a cure notice FAR letter when the prime contractor does not make progress or violates some other aspect of the contract terms and conditions. The notice to cure letter informs you of the specific problem and should give you enough time and opportunity to cure the defect. The government usually gives ten days to cure the failure. In some situations a cure notice is not required. If, for some reason, you need more time, request an extension in writing and explain your reason for the extension request. Receiving a notice of cure letter from the federal government is a serious matter and is usually a warning sign that a termination for default is likely.

Cure Notice Response

A notice of cure. response should be in writing in addition to taking immediate action. Your response should be strategic with the understanding that the Contracting Officer may be ready to issue the default termination.  Your response must address each and every item that the contracting officer addresses. You want to accomplish this task regardless of fault. If you are not familiar with responding to a cure notice letter, seeking professional help is your best bet.

Tip: Address every point that the contracting officer identifies as a potential problem. You want to accomplish this first and then address any fault or intervening situations that you believe to be causing the problem.

How to Increase the Effectiveness of Your Cure Notice Responses or Show Cause Letter

When the government contracting officer sends you a contract cure notice or a show cause letter, chances are the government is about 60% ready to issue a termination for cause. Adopting best practices and a more refined approach can increase your chances of persuading the contracting officer to reconsider her position and allow you to continue the contract performance. When your respond to the Federal Acquisition Regulation cure notice, you want to first develop a written road map that addresses the contracting officer’s concerns. 

Government Contract Claims -Contractor Certification Language - FAR Disputes ClauseYou must address the specific issues mentioned and those issues related to the mentioned issues. If the contracting officer is asking you to do something not mentioned, contemplated or foreseeable in the contract, then take the time to explain. You also want to explain away any legal defenses /excuses why the alleged non-performance occurred. There several other points to cover when you write a response to a notice to cure letter.

When you respond to a show cause notice for non performance, you want to take a slightly different approach. Chances are you are already past the cure notice phase and now have to explain why you should not be terminated for convenience. This response should also assert any legal excuses that would allow non-performance. 

Although both allow for explaining why some of the reasons may be the government’s fault, hinging your entire answer to the show cause letter or notice to cure letter on blame can produce damaging results.

Here is a June, 2016 case that proves the point of how important your notice to cure letter responses to the government can be) (default termination justified by contractor’s refusal to perform or to properly respond to cure notices after Government applied what contractor believed was incorrect welding standards, especially when contractor did not allege Government’s action was breach prior to termination), contractor’s motion for reconsideration denied.

Creating a Record to Preserve Your Rights to Appeal Starts Here

Knowing the difference when responding to either a notice to cure letter or contractor show cause letter can help you build a sound record if the agency decides to eventually terminate your contract for default. FAR 49.402-3 regulates the various actions the contracting officer may take. You should grasp the potential for preserving your rights for an appeal or litigation early in the process. Most cases fail on appeal simply because responses to these two notices are inadequate.

You build a record by addressing the concerns that you have where the government may have caused the problem, or where there has been some level of excusable delay. However, you must still present a detailed plan of action that articulates how you will meet the contract terms and conditions.

Tip: Conclusory responses without full detail in government contract cure notice responses can potentially arm the contracting officer with sufficient ammunition to issue a default termination.

Tip: Courts do consider a letter of concern under the FAR as notice by the contracting officer that there was a problem with performance.

Creating a record when you face a contractor notice of fault and opportunity to cure is essential when there is an appeal. The main reason is that on appeal you generally cannot introduce new evidence or arguments that you did not present to the contracting officer. This is a common mistake made by government contractors.

Read More About How Do Federal Government Contractors Deal With COVID-19 Problems.

What Are the Differences between the Government’s Notice To Cure Letter And Show Cause Notice For Non performance?

An example that distinguishes a FAR cure notice from a show cause letter is where the time for performance has passed, and the government issues a show cause letter. Here a cure notice FAR requirement would not be appropriate because the performance period is over. FAR Part 52.212-4(m) does not require a contract cure letter for failure to deliver on time. 

  • When the government believes your performance under the contract is at risk, it might issue you a cure notice. On the other hand, if it believes that you violated the terms and conditions of the contract, it may issue a show cause notice.


When responding to the government’s cure notice, you want to show evidence of when you received the notice. This provides a record that your cure notice response was timely. Always request, in writing, any extension. Until the contracting officer approves the extension, you still must respond by the directed date.

Responding to a federal cure letter mainly focuses on a detailed approach to resolving the government’s concerns while addressing issues that are not your fault, and that you should receive some level of credit (compensation or otherwise).


When the government issues a show cause letter, on the other hand, the government usually makes a preliminary decision to terminate the contract for default after it has furnished to the contractor the reasons for the action. Your response would then have to convince the contracting officer why he or she should not issue the default. This is especially essential when there is a show cause notice government contracting action for non-performance.

  • In the case of a show cause for nonperformance, the government could even pursue a FAR termination for default. Courts will look at your plan of action versus who is at fault when evaluating your response.


A contract cure letter response should include LEGAL defenses. This is true for two reasons. First, it may help the contracting officer to agree a termination for default may not stand. Second, contractors should first include any legal wrongdoing by the government at the contracting officer level. This includes defenses as to why the notice to cure letter was improper. You should not try to introduce these allegations or defenses for the first time on appeal.  Consult with your lawyer on this important issue.

In addition to the above, consider the following:

  • Discuss any entitlement of extra time, any pending requests for compensable time and any extra time due to adverse weather conditions (or other reasons).
  • Discuss the positive approaches that your company is taking to correct known problems
  • Any other main points depending on your specific contract

FAR 49: How to Respond to Show Cause Letters for Non Performance?

If you have to respond to a show cause letter under FAR 49, government contractors should primarily focus on ensuring the resolution of any cure notice issues or failure to make progress disputes. Each case is different. Therefore, unless you are an expert and doing this, you may want to seek professional help. You must also include details to support your conclusion.

  • If the government waives the delivery date, state this in your show cause response.
  • If an attorney represents you, he or she should articulate why a termination for default would not be in the government’s best interest, or unsupportable on appeal, would also help in the response.
  • You should respond by presenting a plan and schedule showing the contracting officer how and when you will accomplish the remaining contract. The more detailed the better.

The government often issues a show cause as an initial step to a termination for default phase. Therefore, the contents of the show cause response are extremely important.

  • Respond by showing why the government should not terminate the contract.
  • Address issues where the government contributed to the problem.
  • Provide extensive details about your intentions to solve the alleged problem.

Although you want to state reasons why the show cause notice for non performance may not have been appropriate, the bulk of the reply should focus on a detailed plan of action.

  • If you only discuss why the government’s show cause was a mistake, appellate courts will agree with a termination for default decision simply because your show cause response did not meet the technical or substantive legal requirements. 

An example of when a government contracting cure notice comes about is if the time remaining in the contract delivery schedule is not sufficient to permit a reasonable “cure” period of 10 days or more. Here, the agency may issue a show cause letter

Construction contract show cause letters are common in federal contracting. In addition to the required detailed response, an example of a good response could be the contractor showing how construction delays were beyond control and showing that the government caused delays or some other reason beyond the contractor’s control.

  • On appeal to the various courts, issues related to an issued cure notice and show cause letter can be tricky and fact-based.


Government contractors often make the mistake of arguing with the agency in their response with nothing else. Although a answer to the show cause letter or cure notice should have a substantive and legal basis for the agency’s error, the bulk of the response should focus on telling the agency how you will resolve the allegations (although they should not consider this an admission).

Then the rest of the response should address how the agency action violates the contract terms or why its directive goes against the scope of work requirements.

There are often facts to support your belief that either a contract cure letter or show cause notice is not valid. Include as many of those supportable facts as possible.

Although there may be grounds for contesting each notice, it is important not to base your entire response solely on making the argument as to why you should not have to comply. This can prove costly if you have to appeal the contracting officer’s final decision.


  • Not addressing the agency’s points line by line.
  • Not providing sufficient factual evidence related to causation.
  • Not providing the government with a detailed plan of how and when the contractor will resolve the allegations.
  • Not supporting allegations with documentation of credible evidence.

How Notice to Cure Letter Responses Can Impact Termination for Default Decisions

Cure notice responses should focus on a plan of action to comply with the contract terms. They set the stage and record if the contracting officer later decides to terminate the contract for default. Alternatively, perfection for how to respond to a show cause letter deals with convincing the agency why the contract should not be terminated for default.

Find Out More About Your Rights During COVID-19

When responding to a notice to cure letter, keep in mind that the government has a right to demand assurances that you will comply with the terms and conditions of the contract.

Consider, at a minimum, the following:

  • Show a detailed plan of action to complete the work or issues of concern.
  • Avoid asking the CO to issue a new performance date since this can be tricky and lead to a default termination.
  • Avoid a plan that changes the actual terms and conditions of the contract.
  • Provide too much detail instead of too little.

The government does not always have to issue a cure notice before issuing a termination for default, also referred to as a termination for cause. Instead, the government may terminate if justified.

Under FAR Part 52.249-8(a)(l)(i), the government is not mandated to issue a cure notice before termination. However, if performance is endangering the progress of the contract according to the terms and conditions, except for a delivery schedule deadline, the government contracting agency must issue a cure notice. See FAR part 49.402.

However, if performance is endangering the progress of the contract according to the terms and conditions, except for a delivery schedule deadline, the government contracting agency must issue a FAR cure notice. See FAR 49.402. Get information about converting a termination for default into one for convenience.

It is generally improper to terminate a contract for default before the cure period ends. This rule applies when the contracting officer gratuitously allows the contractor a cure period. The reason behind the notice to cure letter rule is for the contracting officer to consider a contractor’s steps taken to remedy delinquent performance during the entire cure period.  

The reason behind the rule is for the contracting officer to consider a contractor’s steps taken to remedy delinquent performance during the entire cure period.  

  • If the gratuitous (not mandatory) cure notice is offered, the CO must wait until the cure period ends.
  • Responding to a cure letter should not depend on proposed changes to the contract.
  • A response should articulate how and when you intend to perform the contract terms.


  • Courts not only look at the appeal complaint to make its decision, it primarily looks at the record leading up to the contracting officer’s decision.
  • How you respond to a cure notice or show cause letter is the most important part of any appeals court decision.

How you respond to each situation can make the difference in keeping the contract, or avoiding a FAR termination for default. If you receive a notice of termination of contract, a FAR cure notice for non performance or similar notice, feel free to call our show cause notice government contracting law office for immediate help. Get information about filing a contract disputes appeal to the Board.

If you are a small business or large federal contractor and need help with your cure notice response or show cause responses, call our federal government contracting attorneys for help today at 1-866-601-5518. We offer a FREE Initial Consultation and NATIONWIDE help.

Watson and Associates Federal Government Contracts Attorney For Cure Notices

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